01 September, 2019

by Updated on 01 September, 2019 Leave a Comment

How To Make A USB Drive Bootable To Install Windows 10 On BIOS & UEFI Motherboards

To install a new operating system for your PC, you have to create a bootable media which is obviously a USB pen drive.

How to create bootable USB From ISO?

The type of bootable USB drive you are creating depends on the motherboard you are using.
You need the ISO image file of the target operating system you want to install. That can be Windows 10, Windows 7 or any flavor of Linux like Ubuntu or Mint.
If you don't have any, you can download the latest version of Windows 10 from Microsoft.
Once you have the ISO image to start with, download and install any of the 10 best bootable USB creation tools.

➤ Use the USB pen drive of minimum 4GB size.
➤ The bootable USB drive making software will automatically detect and list the drive. Make sure you select the correct drive as all the data on the drive will be destroyed.
➤ Locate the ISO image file of the operating system from your hard drive.
➤ Select the appropriate option for partition scheme and other options and hit start. It will take around 15 minutes depending on your operating system size.

If your motherboard is comparatively new, you may have to deal with the UEFI or the legacy BIOS if your computer is not that new. Both way, you can easily create bootable USB drive using all of the listed software here.

For Old Motherboards Using Legacy BIOS

➤ First select the ISO image file, from the disk icon behind 'create a bootable disk using' option. ( Do this first only because, if you select other options first, and the file later, the settings go to default after selecting the ISO file. Maybe a bug )
➤ Select the target drive and file system (For Windows keep it NTFS).
➤ Select 'MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI' from partition scheme and target system type.
➤ Keep the file system, cluster size as it is or you can change it to NTFS for Windows and exFAT for Linux.
➤ You can give an appropriate name to the resulting bootable drive.
➤ ISO image on your hard disk must be a valid bootable image because Rufus scans the image before you load it.
➤ Click the start button and wait for the process to complete. This may take up to 20 minutes.

For New Motherboards Using UEFI

➤ UEFI motherboards most of the time need 64 bit Windows. Else you will get 'Could not locate '\dfi\boot\bootx64.efi: [14] Not found' error. If you get this error, you just need 64 bit Windows version. The 7th generation Intel CPU does not support Windows 7 or older. You must have Windows 10.
➤ Select the ISO image file of OS you want to burn.
➤ Select the 'GPT partition scheme for UEFI' from the partition scheme and target system type.
➤ NTFS as the file system.
If you create bootable USB using MBR scheme, you may get an error like 'Windows can not be installed. The partition is GPT type.
Carefully check the options as above before you hit the start button.

How to Boot From USB Drive

Once you have completed creating the bootable USB drive, its time to install the OS. For that, you have to boot from the USB drive.
➤ Restart your PC and press the key F12 or Delete depending upon the manufacturer of your PC. 
➤ Sometimes this key may be different.
➤ Select the USB drive as a first boot device from the boot menu.

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About The Author
Passionate Technology Blogger. Not a profession. Find only real life useful and simplified Tech articles, How-To's on TopTrix.
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